2012 Integral Program Ptolemy/Copernicus Essay Winner
Congratulations to Rex Rafanelli for being chosen as this year's essay winner. Here are the remarks of our judge, Prof. Dennis Duke of Florida State University:
Rafanelli to me is the most comprehensive, covering all the important issues, and with a uniform high quality of analysis and commentary. I got the feeling that he read the texts and assimilated the ideas quite thoroughly. Overall, his entire presentation has a nice continuity and a smooth, logical flow from beginning to end.
I like particularly the discussion of Alm I 7, which shows that Ptolemy was perfectly aware of the theoretical option of a rotating Earth, and that there is nothing in celestial phenomena against such an idea, but rather its rejection is based on terrestial phenomena. Rafanelli also presents a nice commentary on the way that Copernicus addressed this crucial issue.